Monochiral helimagnetism in homochiral crystals of CsCuCl3.
We report a crystal growth method to obtain homochiral single crystals of CsCuCl3 and polarized neutron diffraction studies to examine the chiral helimagnetism of this compound. The homochiral crystals were grown by two-step crystallization. First, millimeter-sized seed crystals were synthesized by spontaneous crystallization with stirring. The handedness of the seed crystals was determined by x-ray diffraction. Then, centimeter-sized homochiral crystals were obtained from the selected homochiral seed crystals. The large homochiral crystals made it possible to perform polarized neutron diffraction. We clarified a strong correlation between the crystal and magnetic chiralities, which governs the nature of antisymmetric Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions.